Why you need to Know Your Skin Type

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Our skin type changes according to what our skin are exposed to so we need to know our skin type to make sure we are applying the right skin care products. Using cleansers that are too harsh and moisturizers that are too thick and heavy can result in decreased oil production and may leave skin even drier or using treatments that are recommended for oiliness, may prompt your skin that actually more oil is needed.

There are 5 common skin types – Normal, Oily, Dry, Combination and Sensitive. Taking time to learn your skin type may help you identify your skin’s specific needs to achieve a more balanced and radiant complexion.

So let us begin the skin type test at home!

Do this on a weekend after waking up.

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Normal skin are rarely sensitive to products, rarely experience breakouts and have a well moisturized T-zone (the central area of your face including the chin, nose and the part of your forehead above your eyebrows). Those with normal skin may experience a slight oily shine at the end of the day in hot weather.

How to take care of your skin: 

The best way to take care of your normal skin is to follow the basics of skincare. Having normal skin does not mean you won’t have skin concerns so maintaining a proper skin care routine is a must – Double cleansing, use of toner, essence, serum or ampoule, sheet mask two or three times a week, eye cream, moisturizer and sunscreen. Prevention is always better than cure.


Dry skin can feel tight and itchy, don’t experience an oily shine and usually have noticeable flaking. It is due to climate, hormonal changes and other environmental factors. Lifestyle and diet can also be a cause of dry skin so drinking plenty of water and avoiding alcohol and caffeine can make a significant difference in how your skin feels and looks.

How to take care of your skin: 

Dry skin means a dull complexion so it demands a lot of moisturizer throughout the day as moisture is the key to caring for dry skin. A rich cream or steam cream is recommended after using a milky toner and use face mist at any time of the day. Using hydrogel mask is a great way to rehydrate the skin and this can be done up two times a week.

If your skin feels dry but you still get breakouts, then you probably don’t truly have 100% dry skin and your skin may rather be feeling dry from the products you are using. Try going without them for a few days and see if your skin improves.


Oily skin usually experience breakouts and blackheads as excess oil can sometimes leave enlarged pores across the face. Do not fret as those with oily skin are less prone to wrinkles because of the natural moisture that makes the skin more supple. After cleansing, oily skin will feel clean and oil-free, almost the only time it feels that way. Shortly after cleansing, oil will return so make sure not to layer your face too much during the day.

How to take care of your skin: 

Cleansing the face often and avoiding heavy creams is advised for minimizing the appearance of oil. Apply only a little amount of moisturizer. Double Cleansing with cleansing oil and facial foam is still a must followed by a water based toner. Use clay mask twice a week.


This is the most common skin type. Combination skin are dry or normal in some areas and oily in others. After cleansing, combination skin will often feel clean, refreshed and oil-free around the nose area but tight and dry around the cheeks.

How to take care of your skin:

Consider using different products for different areas of the face to keep the skin balanced. Use a mild cleanser and light moisturizer. You may have to use more moisturizer on your skin that are drying out which most often are your cheeks and less on the oilier area.

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Using a product and having a reaction cause us to think that we have sensitive skin. However, it could be that the product just wasn’t compatible with your skin or contained irritating ingredients especially those with high concentration of acids. I do not have sensitive skin but I used a product before for my skin and I quickly got a harsh reaction and it was painful. If this happens, you can treat the sore area with aloe vera.

Managing sensitive skin can be challenging. This is the most delicate skin type to care for. Sensitive skin will often bit dry after washing but the cleanser may trigger irritation to occur. When this happens frequently and with a range of products, it is a sign of sensitive skin.

How to care of your skin:

Find a skin care routine that works for you by doing patch tests every product that you would like to use to know which products aggravate your skin and which ones keep it calm. Do the patch test on your chin. Use mild products that does not contain perfume and alcohol. Use lukewarm water, nothing too hot or too cold. I also do not recommend using regular soaps.

Daily Routine: Oil Cleanser, cleansing water, water based toner, light serum and emulsion. I also recommend Skinfood Rice Mask two times a week.


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